Institute for Central Smalik Affairs • Rik Hə ti ƿɛPəə kə Em Hək Slt • Dillouh Sis-Smaliha Cowdee

History of Central Smalik

Pre-colonisation (< 1400 BP)
Before history was written, the central part of the continent of Smalik was inhabited by the ancestors of the Tak, the Kencari, the Flovaignians, and some smaller tribes, such as the ancestors of the Vaara, the Bėltse, and the Gen. The exact links of several documented tribes are however uncertain, such as the once mighty tribe of the Bullocks; although the present-day Bėltse claim that they descend from these Bullocks, no historical evidence has been found yet to confirm this theory.

According to archeological findings, the Proto-Kencari were at one point one of the most dominant tribes in the region. Left-overs of rather elaborate settlements can be found throughout in large parts of Central-Smalik and they managed to rule over a number of smaller tribes. At the end of the 17th century BP the first Tribal Council is said to be founded, although some historians disagree with this timing. The Tribal Council was the name of an almost continuous line of ruler meetings and governments to come until the 145 AP revolution saw the end of it.

Tribal Era (1400 BP - 145 AP)
Around 1400 BP dwellers from Longerath arrived and settled on Smalik in search of more fertile grounds for farming and hunting. Combining the warm summers of tropic regions with the winters of the southern regions and the adequate amount of rain, the fertile plains and perfect grazing areas of Smalik were a more than suitable living environment.

The newly arrived cooperated well with the indigenous peoples and they both learnt from each other, including the introduction of a writing system to the Proto-Kencari language. The land was called Bowdestra after the Kencari word for 'place of tribes'. The inlands of Smalik were explored, but few explorers returned and the ones who did spoke of fire, strange creatures, and cannibals. Later, the Tak were mistakenly associated with these stories (although the official attire of the Tak Druids, made of the skin of dead deers, as well as the fact that the Tak cremated the dead on large fires, may have contributed to them), leading to the popular belief (among non-Tak) that the Druids ordered their people to capture and eat strangers - which was historically proven to be untrue in the 2nd century AP.

As the population increased, tensions between the tribes did so as well. Although there may have been various smaller wars between separate tribes earlier, the great clash of two of the most important tribes, the Kencari and the Reameurs, was noted in history as the First Tribal War (around 765 BP). A particularly harsh winter famously put an early stop to this war, and while the people tried to keep warm, their chieftains drew a hasty border between their realms, which however lasted until it was finally replaced by the straight Bowdani-Davenport border many centuries later.

The Second Tribal War took place around 643 BP and was caused by the invasion of Tak by the Bullocks. The Tak had a lot of difficulty defending themselves against the Bullocks and asked the Kencari for help. The Kencari intervened and defeated the Bullocks; history makes no further mention of this illiterate tribe and their origins as well as what became of them remain somewhat of a mystery. The Kencari force the Tak to pay tribute to them, which eventually leads to full annexation of the Tak by the Kencari.

In 325 BP, Central Smalik is hit by a major earthquake. The collision caused the collapse of an underground river and the creation of Pearyt Lake. When the surrounding earth was stable enough again, the Kencari founded the city of Litmarsh, which is now known as Mɵg, the capital of Tak.

The second century BP sees the consolidation of Bowdestra as an empire, which now covers Central Smalik completely from coast to coast. In 142 Kencari rule over the Tak is made official by the Treaty of Mɵg, and less than ten years later the Tak Druids are declared 'enemies of the Kencari' and persecuted, after which they go into hiding.

In 2 BP the Plague, which had been ravaging the old continents of Vexillium killing millions of people, arrives in Smalik, hitting the populated coastal areas of the Kencari Empire hard. The less populated inlands saw more survivors, and the attraction of this caused many cityfolk to resettle in the countryside; most of them failed miserably in their attempt to adapt to life in nature, which caused additional early deaths in the aftermath of the Plague.

The Plague started to settle down around 1 AP (the international calendar Before and After Plague was based on this event), but had caused some great migration waves; within Bowdestra entrepreneurs such as the Lp Trade Company in eastern Tak set up colonies in order to boost the repopulation of the cities, but refugees, criminals, and opportunists from Longerath and elsewhere arrived as well, among them a significant number of Ingallish speaking people. The weakened rulers of Bowdestra could do little to stop this from happening, and in the next couple of decades the demographic composition of the continent was drastically reshaped. Clashes occur, such as the Lp Trade Wars (24-34 AP) between the Lp Trade Company and criminal gangs that fought for dominance of the coastal city of Port Frontier (present-day Lp in Tak), after the original Kencari population had been decimated by the Plague.

The Tak who had been hit less severely by the Plague, were among the first to reestablish order and a stable local government, taking advantage from the fact that the Kencari-lead Bowdestra government was weakened by the Plague. They did not make reference to an altered relationship with Bowdestra though, so effectively Tak remained part of Bowdestra.

Ingallish Era (145 - 316 AP)
The year 145 AP saw the culmination of the troubles Bowdestra had had since the Plague. The Ingallish immigrants had slowly formed some sort of dominant group taking key positions in trade and economy, and as time went on, their interests started to differ from those of the indigenous government, the Kencari dominated Tribal Council. Before the Plague, Bowdestra had had a relaxed attitude towards property and the country's riches had been more or less equally divided, with an emphasis on the benefit of the community instead of the individual, so that the difference between rich and poor in terms of property had been small. The Ingallish sought to break the monopoly of the Kencari in the country's politics and wanted to introduce stricter laws regarding personal property. The Tribal Council, which had already been having great difficulty attempting to restore the pre-Plague balance, saw them as a further major threat to the values of Bowdestra and in early 145 ordered the arrest of several prominent Ingallish traders.

The Ingallish, aided by other immigrants, retaliated fiercely and within a few weeks the country found itself in a full fledged civil war. The members of the Tribal Council fled the capital after a few days and set up temporarily in Kencari dominated Fort Boare. After a few months the members of the Tribal Council were however taken prisoner and executed, after which the Ingallish took control of Bowdestra. Order was restored in the years that followed, but the new situation turned out to be prosperous mainly for the wealthy; Kencari and other indigenous people (except the Tak, who had opportunistically taken the side of the Ingallish and whose autonomy within Bowdestra had been confirmed) were now second rank citizens in their own country and many of them lived in poverty.

The Ingallish megalomany was further confirmed in 235 AP when the new capital Sky City was inaugurated, a big megalopolis on the Cislendian westcoast, named after its architect, Albert Himmelstadt. The name of the country was changed to Bowdani, Kencari for 'nation of many'.

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After president Urban was deposed, sir David Leah assumed the presidency of Bowdani, but Bowdani didn't manage to regain its former glory. Internal problems with the many indigenous peoples, most notably the Flovaignians and the Tak, continued to create unrest. In 305 and 306 a first attempt was made by the Flovaignians and Tak to gain more autonomy (although even more autonomy for the Tak would effectively mean independence for them), but discussions failed and the situation remained as it was. While the Flovaignians continued however to seek a diplomatic solution, Tak unilaterally decided in 308 to declare independence from Bowdani, which wasn't recognised by the Bowdani government in Sky City. The Bowdani government wasn't powerful enough to take back control of the entire country, and troubles and protests continued to take place, until president Leah's famous speach in early 316 in which he announced his resignation and called for the dissolution of the republic. Sir Leah was succeeded by an interim president, Duncan Fairweather. After numerous talks, the dissolution was planned to take effect on 16 October 316: apart from Flovaigne, the smaller nations of Coare, Bėltse, Vaara, and Gen also became independent, while the independence of Tak was formally recognised by Bowdani; Bowdani's last president's final act.

Contemporary Era (316 AP - present day)

(Events to be added)